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snippets:fedora_windowmaker [2021/04/29 15:21]
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-===== What? ===== 
-Fedora enrolls gnome3 and gdm by default, some things need to be done to run WindowMaker and ibus here for me: 
-  * the NetworkManager applet has by default no place to live on, wmdocker works for this 
-  * ibus to input japanese needs tuning 
-  * for the thinkpad powertunings refer to this document: [[/hardwarerelated/thinkpad/energy_saving]] 
-  * for the tinkpad x200 specific settings ans Windowmakertunings: [[hardwarerelated/thinkpad/thinkpad_x200]] 
  
-Some other things related to x like detecting and handling multiple monitors (on the road vs. using docking station when I disable the internal screen) are here: [[hardwarerelated/thinkpad/thinkpad_x200|thinkpad notes]] 
- 
-===== Setup windowmaker and xdm ===== 
-<code> 
-# Let's ensure basic xorg is installed. 
-dnf group list hidden 
-dnf group install 'LXDE Desktop' 
- 
-# install  
-# - windowmaker 
-# - wmdocker to run the networkmanager applet 
-# - xdm 
-# - xorg-x11-xinit-session to run window manager from ~/.xsession 
-dnf -y install WindowMaker WindowMaker-extra wmdocker \ 
-  xorg-x11-xdm xorg-x11-xinit-session 
- 
-cd /etc/systemd/system 
-rm default.target 
-ln -s /usr/lib/systemd/system/graphical.target default.target 
-rm display-manager.service 
-ln -s /usr/lib/systemd/system/xdm.service display-manager.service 
- 
-# as user configure wmaker: 
-echo 'exec wmaker' >>~/.xsession 
-chmod +x ~/.xsession 
- 
-# systemctl disable gdm.service 
-# systemctl enable xdm.service 
- 
-# did work outofthebox for f16: ensure sound works properly for the user 
-# add desktopuser to these groups, vi /etc/group:  
-#   video, audio, pulse, pulse-access, nm-openconnect 
-</code> 
- 
-===== NetworkManager permissions ===== 
-Traditionally I have permission problems. Usually this works: 
-<code> 
-wmdocker &  # run docker, place to have nm-applet 
-xhost + 
-su - 
-export DISPLAY=127.0.0.1:0 
-nm-applet 
-# now root can input passphrases, make them also available for users - so 
-# after this the user can also access the network. 
-</code> 
-In the past this worked: 
-<code> 
-# Things have changes, this if no longer valid  
-# now fix permissions for my linuxuser 'chris' to be able to control NetworkManager via policykit: 
-cat >/etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d<<EOT 
-[nm-applet] 
-Identity=unix-user:chris 
-Action=org.freedesktop.NetworkManager.* 
-ResultAny=yes 
-ResultInactive=no 
-ResultActive=yes 
-EOT 
-</code> 
- 
-===== rc.local specifics ===== 
-<code> 
-# configure to have /etc/rc.local used again, this is no longer default 
-# see also https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=737047 
-ln -s /etc/rc.local /etc/rc.d/rc.local 
-systemctl enable rc-local.service 
-systemctl start rc-local.service 
-</code> 
- 
-===== Enable japanese input using ibus ===== 
-<code> 
-yum -y groupinstall 'Japanese Support' 
- 
-# now in users homedir craft appropriate .xsession file 
-su - chris 
-cat >~/.xsession<<EOT 
-export TZ='Europe/Berlin' 
- 
-pulseaudio --start 
-ibus-daemon --xim --daemonize 
-export IMSETTINGS_INTEGRATE_DESKTOP=yes 
-export IMSETTINGS_MODULE=ibus 
-export QT_IM_MODULE=ibus 
-export XMODIFIERS=@im=ibus 
-export GTK_IM_MODULE=ibus 
-exec wmaker 
-EOT 
-</code> 
- 
-===== Setup xterm, xinput for scrolling ===== 
-<code> 
-yum -y install xorg-x11-fonts-misc.noarch xterm xterm \ 
-    iso8859-2-misc-fonts.noarch ucs-miscfixed-fonts.noarch xorg-x11-fonts-misc.noarch 
- 
-# having xterm pick up urls by mouse doubleclick 
-cat >>~/.Xdefaults<<EOT 
-! Make it easier to grab URLs by double-clicking: 
-*.charClass:33:48,35:48,37:48,43:48,45-47:48,61:48,63:48,64:48,95:48,126:48,35:48,58:48 
-! XTerm*charClass:33:48,35-38:48,42-43:48,45-47:48,58:48,61:48,63-64:48,126:48 
-! Here is a good test url: 
-! http://www.redhat.com 
-EOT 
- 
-cd 
-ln -s .Xdefaults .Xresources 
- 
-# install xinput to configure scrolling using thinkpad nipple + middle mousebutton 
-# yum whatprovides '*/bin/xinput' 
-yum -y install xorg-x11-apps 
-</code> 
- 
-===== screenlocking ===== 
-<code> 
-# yum whatprovides '*/xlock' 
-yum -y install xlockmore xautolock 
- 
-vi ~/.xsession 
-# bevore wmaker is started run a line like this: 
-xautolock -locker 'xlock -mode blank' & 
-</code> 
- 
-===== thinkpads: using the 2 keys next to cursor-keys ===== 
-  * click the icon for 'window maker preferences' on the upper right side 
-  * for 'keyboard shortcut preferences' 
-  * configure these keys to be used for 'switch to next workspace' and 'switch to previous workspace' 
- 
-===== start nm-applet by default ===== 
-This is not done from .xsession since windowmaker is not running at the time that file is executed.  
-<code> 
-# this runs docker (small empty places for applets on windowmaker) and then nm-applet 
-# which places itself in docker 
-cat >>~/GNUstep/Library/WindowMaker/autostart<<EOT 
-/home/chris/randback.pl >/tmp/randback.log 
-wmdocker & 
-wmdocker & 
-gkrellm & 
-nm-applet & 
-EOT 
-</code> 
- 
-===== no sound on Fedora20 ===== 
-Without any apparent reason (no updates or changes I am awar of), no longer sound in any applications. Following commands fixed it: 
-<code> 
-#!/bin/sh 
-DEVICE='alsa_output.pci-0000_00_1b.0.analog-stereo' 
-ACTIVE_SINK=$(pacmd list-sinks | grep 'active port' | awk '{ print $3 }') 
-if [ "$ACTIVE_SINK" = "<analog-output-speaker>" ]; then 
-  WHAT=analog-output 
-  echo "[*] Enabling $WHAT on $DEVICE." 
-  pacmd set-sink-port $DEVICE $WHAT > /dev/null 
-else 
-  WHAT=analog-output-speaker 
-  echo "[*] Enabling $WHAT on $DEVICE." 
-  pacmd set-sink-port $DEVICE $WHAT > /dev/null 
-fi 
-exit 0 
-</code> 
- 
-Further workaround (thanks to https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/ThinkPad_mute_button ): 
-<code> 
-amixer sset Master on 
-</code>